Aphthae causes an overgrowth of a type of yeast called candida albicans. The medical term for this infection is “oral candidiasis.” Candida bacteria are common in the human body, but sometimes their balance is disturbed and they easily multiply. Oral candidiasis causes white, cream spots on the tongue and on the inside of the face. These spots can spread to other places, such as the throat, gums, floor in the mouth, and even the esophagus. If you suffer from aphthae, it is best to see a doctor as soon as possible, but there are also home methods for treating this infection.
Treatment of aphthae with prescription drugs
Find out what causes aphthae. Aphthae, or oral candidiasis, is caused by an overgrowth of a fungus, called yeast, which is called candida albicans. This bacterium is common in the human body.
Candida albicans is found in the digestive tract, including the mouth. It is also common on the skin.
Aphthous infection occurs when the bacteria Candida albicans find a food source that suits them and multiplies above the normal level of occurrence.
What are the symptoms of this infection. Aphthae are manifested by light spots on the tongue and other parts of the mouth. This symptom is the most common.
Other symptoms include inflammation and red spots in the mouth and unpleasant pain. This can cause sore throat, difficulty swallowing and loss of appetite.
Some areas may bleed slightly when scraping light spots.
Cracked corners of the mouth, itching and pain in these areas are also common with aphthae.
See a doctor and have yourself examined. Do not underestimate the risks of untreated yeast infection. If you do not start treatment, this infection can cause you serious health problems.
Yeast is commonly found on the skin and in the digestive tract, where it does not cause any health problems.
However, when it multiplies, it is important to start treatment before the situation worsens and the yeast enters the bloodstream. A systemic infection with Candida albicans is called invasive candidiasis.
Be aware that invasive candidiasis poses serious risks. This type of infection occurs when candida bacteria enter the bloodstream.
This type of infection is very serious and can have a detrimental effect on the blood, heart, brain, eyes, bones and other parts of the body.
People with weaker immunity usually have a higher risk of developing invasive candidiasis. This type of infection requires hospitalization, involves high costs and in some cases can lead to very serious consequences.
Invasive candidiasis is a serious infection that is often given to patients who are hospitalized for other reasons.
See a doctor as soon as possible. If you seek medical attention as soon as possible and start treatment, you will have a chance to get rid of the initial symptoms of a yeast infection.
This is the most effective way to avoid invasive candidiasis and candidacy.
See a doctor and get tested even if you are otherwise healthy. Oral candidiasis is rare in healthy children, young people and adults. However, anyone can get the infection and fortunately it is easy to cure.
Because this infection is not common in healthy people, it is possible that you are suffering from a more serious disease that has caused it to develop.
In addition, some diseases can look like candidiasis, such as some types of mouth cancer, so you should see a doctor as soon as possible, especially if you have never had aphthae or if you do not get rid of them with home treatment.
We recommend that you evaluate all cases of candidiasis by your doctor and start appropriate treatment to make sure that you have not suffered any changes in your immune system.
Start taking prescription antifungal medications. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, aphthae, or candidiasis in the mouth, is one of the infections that can be effectively treated with prescription drugs.
The exact medication and length of time it depends on the patient’s age, their overall health, the medications they are currently taking and how strong their immune system is.
You must always take the prescribed medication to the end, otherwise you run the risk of your candidiasis coming back.
Use prescription ointments. Oral candidiasis is often treated with products that are sold in the form of ointments. These products are especially designed for infants and young children.
Liquid products such as nystatin are applied either with cotton swabs directly to the aphthae or otherwise to the affected surfaces in the mouth. Nystatin effectively treats this infection and is safe even if swallowed.
In addition to liquid products, antifungal creams, ointments and oral medications, or lozenges, this infection is usually treated with topical medications.
Start taking soluble prescription preparations. Some products that treat aphthae are made as soluble lozenges or tablets, which are put into the mouth where they gradually dissolve.
This method of treatment allows direct contact of the active substance with the affected areas in the mouth.
Take oral prescription drugs. In some cases, drugs in the form of tablets, capsules, or syrups that are swallowed are prescribed for aphthae.
These antifungal drugs are absorbed inside the body, as are antibiotics.
Examples of such drugs include fluconazole, nystatin, itraconazole, clotrimazole, ketoconazole, posacanozole and miconazole.
These medicines can affect the effects of other medicines, so you must always tell your doctor what other medicines you are still taking. In addition, these medicines can also have side effects, so if you start to have any new symptoms after taking these medicines, you should contact your doctor immediately.
Treatment of patients with aphthae
What to look out for if you are breast-feeding. Infants who develop aphthae usually have white spotted lesions in their mouths. They tend to have feeding problems and are irritable and restless.
From an infant, the infection can be passed on to the mother and then passed on to each other over and over again. It is therefore necessary to get rid of the yeast infection as soon as possible.
The mother’s breasts are very sensitive and red after transmission, and the nipples are cracked and itchy. The circular area around the nipple, called the areola, is sometimes shiny and the skin peels off.
The mother may experience pain during breastfeeding, or nipple pain between breastfeeding. These problems can also manifest as stabbing pains inside the breasts.
See a doctor and start treating yourself and your child. Tell your doctor if your child also has a rash on their buttocks, as a yeast infection can also work this way. In this case, it is often necessary to use another treatment. If your doctor determines that the infection is only mild, he or she will probably advise you to tighten hygiene measures and closely monitor the development of other symptoms in you and your child.
Start treating your baby. When a doctor orders treatment, it is usually a drug that is used very easily and safely.
In many cases, antifungal products such as nystatin suspensions are used. This medicine is in the form of a fluid that is applied directly to the baby’s mouth in the affected area.
It is recommended that you take this medicine several times a day for about one week.
Start treating the baby’s mother. In order for the mother to continue to breastfeed her child and to interrupt the cycle of constant transmission of the infection from mother to child and back, the mother must start taking the same medications as her child.
Anti-fungal ointments and liquid preparations are applied directly to the nipples and breasts of the mother. They are usually taken several times a day for about a week until the symptoms of the infection have disappeared from both the mother and the baby.
You can also use disposable breastfeeding pads to keep the infection from getting on your clothes.
Ask your doctor if you need to boil or clean baby bottles, artificial nipples, pacifiers and all removable parts of the vacuum cleaner. By doing this, you reduce the risk of the infection returning.
Find out which other people have an increased risk of aphthae. Diabetics who take corticosteroid drugs in the form of inhalers, people on certain types of antibiotics, and people who have dentures have oral candidiasis more often than otherwise healthy adults.
Some people who suffer from serious diseases that weaken the immune system suffer from oral candidiasis more often.
These patients include people with HIV / AIDS, people being treated for cancer and people who have had an organ transplant.
If you suffer from a health problem, seek medical attention immediately. See a doctor as soon as possible so you can have your examination examined and treatment started.
Your doctor will choose the appropriate prescription medications based on your overall health and the medications you are already taking.
In the elderly, people with asthma or COPD, and people with a weakened immune system, it is necessary to intervene as soon as possible so that the infection does not spread to the bloodstream.
Start taking prescription drugs. If you belong to the risk groups, the treatment is more demanding, because you are probably already taking a combination of different drugs that can affect the effects of the drugs on aphthae.
Doctors know how to properly combine these drugs with other drugs so that the infection can be cured as quickly and effectively as possible.
In some cases, intravenous treatment should be initiated and the patient hospitalized.
Natural methods of treatment
Ask your doctor about natural and herbal preparations. One scientific study tried to find evidence of the effectiveness of natural and herbal preparations in the treatment of oral candidiasis. Unfortunately, no evidence could be found to confirm the effectiveness of these products.
However, this does not mean that natural products do not work. The study suggests that further studies and sound scientific research methods are needed to confirm or disprove the effectiveness of these products.
Rinse your mouth with warm salt water. If you have aphthae, salt water can partially relieve you.
Ask your doctor if you can rinse your mouth with salt water to make sure it is right for you.
Dissolve half a teaspoon of table salt in one cup of warm water.
Rinse your mouth with this solution and finally spit it out – never swallow it. Repeat this process several times a day.
Take probiotics. Research has shown that probiotics containing lactobacillus bacteria help fight candida overgrowth in some cases.
This study also recommends further research, but the original data from the first controlled study look promising.
Take the bacterium lactobacillus acidophilus. The scientific literature suggests that these bacteria can help treat aphthae. However, these products are not sufficiently regulated and there is no precise information on the recommended dosage.
Ask your doctor about the specific sources of these bacteria and ask him for advice on dosing in the treatment of aphthae.
Unfortunately, yogurt containing live cultures of lactobacillus bacteria is not easy to find. Yogurt products are now undergoing pasteurization, which kills all living cultures.
Take gentian. If you want to try using gentian, first consult a doctor and proceed with caution. Because there are safer and easier-to-use products, gentian is often not considered an ideal option.
Gentian effectively treats fungal infections, including candidiasis, but it is not easy to use. You should not swallow it and it will stain your clothes and skin.
Side effects of bitter include redness and irritation at the application site. Gentian should not be swallowed, otherwise diarrhea, nausea and vomiting may occur. If you accidentally swallow gentian, you should go to the hospital.
One study found that external application of gentian at a concentration of 0.00165% can effectively treat oral candidiasis without the risk of blemishes on the affected areas.
How to avoid aphthae in the future
Follow proper oral hygiene. See your dentist regularly and follow the advice given to you by your dentist or general practitioner.
Common recommendations for preventing aphthae include brushing your teeth at least twice a day, using floss at least once a day, and not lending a toothbrush to other people.
Get a toothbrush that is easy to handle. Some people cannot properly brush all their teeth with a regular toothbrush.
Ask your dentist if it is appropriate for you to use an electric toothbrush and it will help you brush your teeth better.
Change your toothbrush regularly. If you have had a yeast infection in your mouth, you should replace your toothbrush several times.
Use new toothbrushes and always discard contaminated ones until you are sure that you have cleared the infection and that your new toothbrush is OK.
Do not use mouthwash. Some mouthwashes and rinses disrupt the natural environment in the mouth and allow yeast bacteria to multiply.
Consult a dentist to be sure. Some dentists recommend mouthwashes and rinses.
Take care of your diet. Sweet foods and foods and beverages containing yeast can promote the growth of candida bacteria in the mouth.
Limit the consumption of these foods and beverages and brush your teeth thoroughly after each meal.
Clean your dentures every day. If you have a denture, you have an increased risk of developing oral candidiasis.
Your dentist may recommend specific prosthesis cleaning products and equipment to avoid candidiasis.
If you have diabetes, measure your blood sugar regularly. If you pay attention to your blood sugar level, you will be able to reduce the amount of excess sugar in your saliva.
This will help you reduce the amount of sugar in your mouth, which promotes the growth of yeast bacteria.
If you are being treated for cancer, you should use prescription mouthwash. Research has shown that this can help you avoid oral candidiasis if you are being treated for cancer.
The most commonly prescribed mouthwash solution is 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate.
Rinse your mouth after using the corticosteroid inhaler. Some people who suffer from various lung diseases, such as asthma or COPD, regularly use corticosteroid inhalers. If possible for you, use air chamber inhalers. This will greatly reduce the risk of developing candidiasis associated with using the inhaler. Air chambers should be used by both children and adults. In addition to reducing the risk of infection, they also ensure that the drug gets deeper into the lungs instead of settling in the back of the mouth.
People who use these products can also reduce the risk of aphthae by rinsing their mouths with water or mouthwash recommended by their doctor after using the inhaler.