Teeth and gums play an important role in overall health care, but sometimes it is difficult to learn how to care for them properly. Teeth and gums are composed of different tissues and to maintain their optimal health it is necessary to take care of them properly. Dental and gum care is very important throughout our lives, starting in the prenatal period and lasting until adulthood.  X Research source
Brushing teeth and gums
Choose a suitable toothbrush. Choosing a toothbrush in a store can be complicated; lots of special features and colors can drive you crazy in the dental aisle. Choosing the brush that is right for you is much more important than buying the most expensive one with lots of special features. Things to keep in mind when choosing a toothbrush:
Corresponding size. A large toothbrush is difficult to handle in the oral cavity. A brush whose head is approximately 1.3 cm wide and 2.5 cm long is suitable for most adults.
Corresponding softness of the bristles. The bristles can be “soft “, “medium soft ” or “hard “. People who use a soft bristle brush can brush their teeth near the gums without causing bleeding.
Certificate. Make sure there is an American Dental Association (ADA) certificate on the toothbrush you have chosen. Of course, you can use a toothbrush without this certificate, but it is certainly more pleasant to know that the toothbrush you have chosen has been approved by experts.
Manual or electric? There is no wrong answer to the question of whether to choose a manual or electric toothbrush. If you use both brushes regularly, you will most likely have healthy teeth. If you decide to buy an electric toothbrush, make sure you choose an oscillating brush that is more effective in removing plaque.
Brush your teeth regularly, at least twice a day, to keep them healthy. Regular teeth cleaning is a prevention of tooth decay and a way to maintain their strength and functionality. If you take proper care of your teeth and gums, they will serve you for a lifetime. The healthier your teeth, the lower the risk of tooth decay and gum disease. If you have the opportunity, brush your teeth after each meal.
Place the toothbrush at the tooth at an angle of 45 ° towards the gums and make circular movements with it on the tooth surface.
Do not apply excessive force or pressure when cleaning. Let the bristles of the brush get into the interdental spaces.
Clean the inner, outer and biting surfaces of all teeth and make sure that the grooves and holes are also properly cleaned.
Take special care to clean the inside of the front teeth of the lower jaw and the outside of the rear teeth of the upper jaw, as these are the surfaces on which tartar is most easily deposited.
Brush your teeth for two to three minutes. After cleaning, always rinse your mouth with water or mouthwash.
Use dental floss every day. Regular and thorough cleaning of the teeth with dental floss (at least once a day) helps to prevent tooth decay. There is nylon (multi-fiber) or Teflon (single-fiber) dental floss. Although Teflon dental floss does not tear and is therefore slightly more expensive, both types of floss can remove plaque and food debris from the tooth.
Peel about 45 cm of thread from the feeder.
Wrap the thread tightly around the middle finger on each hand and wind it so that there is a section of about 2.5 cm between your fingers.
Use the thread to clean the upper teeth first, then the lower.
Grasp the thread between your thumb and forefinger and insert it between your teeth in a slow saw motion.
Do not use force to avoid damaging the gums.
The moment the thread touches the gums, make a “C” -shaped movement around each tooth, and then move the thread in the space between the tooth and the gums.
Clean the side of the tooth by moving the floss from the gums up and down.
Always rewind the floss in your fingers to clean every other tooth with its unused part.
Carefully clean the back of the last molars with thread.
Use a tongue scraper. In addition to brushing your teeth and using dental floss, you can also use a tongue scraper to help keep the oral cavity fresher and cleaner. Cleaning the tongue helps maintain proper oral hygiene, as microorganisms and food scraps may remain on the tongue.
Place the scraper against the root of the tongue and pull it forwards.
Even a toothbrush, which is less effective than a scraper, can clean the tongue and thus contribute to perfect oral hygiene.
A bristle tongue brush can clean the tongue as well as a scraper. There are also toothbrushes that have a tongue scraper on the opposite side of the head.
Massage your gums. The gum massage increases their blood circulation and thus ensures an easier supply of nutrients and oxygen during the flushing out of waste products. Massage your gums with your fingers helps to release leftover food.
Place your index finger against your gums and stimulate it with gentle circular movements.
End the massage by rinsing your mouth with mouthwash or saline solution.
Gum massage can lead to increased sensitivity. The American Academy of Periodontology warns that massaging gums can lead to increased sensitivity due to disruption of the gums by plaque and leftover food.
Include fluoride products in your daily oral hygiene. Fluoride is a free-living mineral that helps strengthen tooth enamel. It can even fight tooth decay, which is in its infancy.
You can increase your fluoride intake by drinking tap water. Many water distribution companies add fluorides to the water to ensure dental prevention for their citizens.
You can apply fluorides directly to your teeth. Although fluorides are added to most over-the-counter products, higher concentrations of fluoride are found in pastes and mouthwashes, which are only available at the pharmacy.
Take care of your toothbrush. Brushing your teeth is an integral part of oral hygiene, but to avoid the risk of infection, it is important to keep your toothbrush clean.
If your toothbrush is worn or frayed, change it once every three to four months. Replace it even if you have had the flu, sore throat or similar illness.
Do not share your toothbrush with anyone. Renting a toothbrush can increase the risk of infection in the oral cavity. Especially people who have a weakened immune system or an infectious disease should avoid renting a toothbrush or any other dental aids.
After each cleaning, rinse your toothbrush with water to remove toothpaste and other debris. Place the brush upside down so that it can dry. Keep your toothbrush separate to avoid the risk of contamination.
Do not cover or close the toothbrush in containers for a long time. If the toothbrush does not dry sufficiently, there is an increased risk of microorganisms growing. Closable containers increase the risk of bacteria causing infection on the toothbrush.
Formation of oral hygiene habits
Adhering to proper eating habits helps protect teeth and gums. Eat healthy and limit your intake of foods high in starch and sugar. Foods containing starch and sugar increase the acidity of the oral cavity, which can damage your teeth.
Reduce the consumption of unhealthy drinks and sweet and greasy foods. These foods stick to the teeth and the bacteria found in the oral cavity turn them into acids. Bacteria, acids, food residues and saliva form plaque, which is the basis for tartar formation. In addition, the acids contained in the plaque weaken the tooth enamel and create erosion in it.
Eat more fruits, vegetables and wholemeal or multigrain pastries.
Drink a glass of milk, it is a great source of calcium, which is important for the strength of dental tissues.
Although vitamin D has been linked to caries prevention, this has never been proven. It is not good to rely solely on vitamin supplements to maintain a healthy oral cavity.
Drink plenty of water. Take a few sips of water after eating to remove leftover food from your teeth. In addition to other positive properties of water, you can protect your teeth from growing plaque.
Avoid tobacco products. Smoking cigarettes or other tobacco products can have a devastating effect on your gums. People who smoke are more prone to gum disease. If you smoke, this bad habit can cause you a number of problems, from sensitive bleeding gums to painful injuries.
Get rid of heartburn and eating disorders. Heartburn can cause stomach acids to enter the oral cavity, disrupting tooth enamel. The same process occurs in untreated bulimia, a eating disorder that causes vomiting after eating. For both diseases, start treatment before your health is compromised.
Examine your oral cavity regularly. If you know what your oral cavity looks like when everything is in order, then it is easier for you to notice any change or problem that may occur.
Notice the color changes, including spots or growths. Inspect your teeth for breakage or discoloration and report persistent pain or report a change in bite (jaw arrangement) to your dentist.
How to get the most out of a dentist’s visit
See your dentist regularly, who will detect any oral diseases in time. See your dentist once every six months and have your teeth professionally cleaned and polished.
The dentist uses special equipment to remove plaque and tartar from the space above and below the gums.
This will ensure the health of the gums and prevent the development of periodontal diseases for some time.
Tell your dentist if you have any concerns about the condition of your oral cavity. A health condition that is not related to the oral cavity can affect its health, so report everything to your dentist:
Newly used drugs
Ask your dentist about sealing fissures. Fissure sealing is a process in which a material is applied to the teeth that protects them from tooth decay. This variant can only be used in the case of healthy, non-damaged teeth.
Fissure sealing is a suitable solution for permanent teeth in children.
Look at the dentist as your health partner. Tell him your concerns and any changes openly and ask about the progress and course of treatment. You should never be afraid to ask and “arm yourself with such information. The following questions can help you communicate with your dentist about his or her services and the health of your oral cavity.
What treatment do you recommend?
Is there an alternative treatment?
What is the price and time required for each option?
Is the treatment acute? What is the risk if treatment is not started immediately?
Is it possible to use payment options such as insurance, discount or installments?