Svalbard Treaty


When the Chief of Heaven noticed the consequences Verloren's actions had on those souls he looked into, he fashioned seven heavenly lights out of Verloren's fragments, each with one of Verloren's powers, and sent them to execute him. This page was last edited on 12 December , at

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The archipelago was discovered by the Dutch explorer Willem Barentsz in and named Spitsbergen, meaning "sharp-peaked mountains". The islands were renamed in the s by Norway as Svalbard. Not belonging to any nation left Svalbard largely free of regulations or laws, though there were conflicts over the area due to whaling rights and sovereignty disputes between England , the Netherlands and Denmark—Norway in the first half of the 17th century. By the 20th century mineral deposits were found on the main island and continual conflicts between miners and owners created a need for a government.

In this treaty, international diplomacy recognized Norwegian sovereignty the Norwegian administration went in effect by and other principles relating to Svalbard. There has been a long-running dispute, primarily between Norway and Russia and before it, the Soviet Union over fishing rights in the region.

In addition, it argues that the continental shelf is a part of mainland Norway's continental shelf and should be governed by the Continental Shelf Convention. Talks were held in in Moscow but did not resolve the issue. Ships and nationals of all the High Contracting Parties shall enjoy equally the rights of fishing and hunting in the territories specified in Article 1 and in their territorial waters.

They shall be admitted under the same conditions of equality to the exercise and practice of all maritime, industrial, mining or commercial enterprises both on land and in the territorial waters, and no monopoly shall be established on any account or for any enterprise whatever.

A list of parties sorted alphabetically is shown below; the dates below reflect when a nation deposited its instrument of ratification or accession. Yugoslavia also acceded to the treaty on 6 July , but as of none of its successor states have declared to continue application of the treaty. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Svalbard Treaty Long name. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of France depositary country. Retrieved 10 May The Law of Maritime Boundary Delimitation: A Case Study of the Russian Federation. Security and Resource Issues.

Government of the Netherlands. Retrieved 11 February Climate Flora Protected areas. Retrieved from " https: CS1 French-language sources fr Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements Articles containing potentially dated statements from Articles needing additional references from February All articles needing additional references Articles with Norwegian-language external links.

Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 12 December , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Ratifications of the treaty.

The Seven Ghosts are amongst the earliest 'gods' created by the Chief of heaven and their existence dates back roughly years. At the time of their creation, humanity was already present. The legend of the ghosts tells that Verloren the God of Death was in love with the Chief of Heaven's daughter, Eve , but after her skeleton was found and her soul devoured, the Chief of Heaven accused Verloren of killing her.

As Eve's soul being devoured automatically forced it to be sent to earth and reincarnated, Verloren escaped the heavens and fled to earth to find her reincarnation. Verloren began looking into the hearts of humans in order to find the soul that originally belonged to Eve. However as he looked, that person's heart was instantly tainted by his presence, and slowly slipped into despair. This meant those souls could not enter Heaven in this life because they were no longer pure, and they would be forced to reincarnate again once they died.

When the Chief of Heaven noticed the consequences Verloren's actions had on those souls he looked into, he fashioned seven heavenly lights out of Verloren's fragments, each with one of Verloren's powers, and sent them to execute him.

The Ghosts' mission was to take Verloren's body to The Land of Seele- where it would be judged and destroyed, and after they had fulfilled this mission their souls would be able to return to heaven. The ghosts drove Verloren to Seele , but even with their combined strength, they weren't strong enough to destroy him. Faced with this, they instead used the powers of the two angel eyes Mikhail and Raphael to tear Verloren's soul from his body, in the hope that they never join again so he could never be at his full power.

They sealed his physical body in Pandora's Box on earth, and used the Eye of Mikhail to make sure it could not escape from its prison. They sealed his soul using the Eye of Raphael , putting his soul in a human- and forcing it to undergo a process of constant reincarnation whenever the human body died- regardless of how the person had lived their life- so it could never enter Heaven again.

The threat of Verloren had been eliminated, but since the Ghosts were unable to judge Verloren, they could not return to heaven; instead staying in the mortal world to serve as guardians. Now on earth, each Ghost assumed human form and went on to live human lives; they married humans, had human children and died as humans.

The Seven Ghosts and their human families went on to form the Seven Houses of God , and the Ghosts' powers were passed on to their children, and further generations. Around years after Verloren had been sealed, the Eye of Raphael malfunctioned- resulting in Verloren's soul awakening the human who was currently holding Verloren's soul regained all of Verloren's memories and continued with Verloren's crusade against the Chief of Heaven. The descendants of the ghosts that first fought Verloren were again forced to re-group and fight.

A member of the Raggs family the God house of Vertrag and person acting as the Ghost Vertrag, Fea Kreuz, was accused of stealing and escaping with Pandora's Box , and it was this theft that sparked the Raggs War. Pandora's Box had been moved into a human- meaning Verloren's body was at a risk of escaping- so four Ghosts protected and guided Vertrag through the Seven God Houses in order to receive the cursed tickets and travel to the Land of Seele to destroy Verloren's body.

This, coupled with the fact Verloren's soul had awakened, caused Ea and Landkarte to separate from the others and go undercover into the military. However, the Ghosts were not successful in their mission, and it resulted in the death of one Ghost, Vertrag, whose reincarnation was killed by Ayanami and devoured by Verloren.

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