Dieter Hallervorden


Amortisation from to The ministers said that these measures would be implemented after the closure of the first review and before the end of the current ESM programme the third programme. Greece used the notes to recapitalise banks. In , the Greek people finally began to emerge from a long period of hardship.

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In its statement of 25 May , the Eurogroup also mentioned a possible second set of measures, if needed, following the successful implementation of the third programme by Greece. These are called medium-term measures. For the long term, the Eurogroup has agreed to a contingency mechanism to ensure long-run debt sustainability in case a more adverse economic scenario materialises in the country.

In its statement of 25 May , the Eurogroup mandated the ESM to work on a first set of debt relief measures, referred to as short-term measures. The ministers said that these measures would be implemented after the closure of the first review and before the end of the current ESM programme the third programme. The measures were successfully implemented over the course of Greece has managed to significantly reduce its macroeconomic and fiscal imbalances.

An unprecedented fiscal adjustment has resulted in a decline of the general government deficit by roughly 16 percentage points of GDP, to a surplus of 0. Economic growth has returned as the recovery has begun to take hold, rebounding from The Greek economy has improved its competitiveness by reducing unit labour costs. The improvement can also be seen in the falling current account deficit: In unemployment was at After reaching a peak of While unemployment is still the highest among all EU countries, labour market conditions continue to improve.

The reduction in was the greatest single year decline since the peak in More than , new jobs have been created since the start of the ESM programme in Another option for the banks was to sell units or wind down non-core business.

These measures enabled all four systemic Greek banks to meet their capital shortfalls under the baseline scenario. Two of the banks, Alpha Bank and Eurobank, raised enough capital to also meet the adverse scenario; they did not require further funds.

The EFSF encouraged bondholders to participate in the restructuring. The details are shown below:. Greece made major efforts to implement wide-ranging reforms, which were tied to the first financial assistance package.

The challenges confronting Greece remained significant, however, with a wide competitiveness gap, a large fiscal deficit, a high level of public debt, and an undercapitalised banking system. The economic recession in Greece proved to be more serious and damaging than expected. The financial assistance provided under the first programme was not sufficient for Greece to make the necessary adjustments and to regain market access.

A restructuring of debt held by private creditors became necessary to bring the total debt level back to a sustainable path. After Greece adopted the euro in , it was able to borrow at much lower interest rates despite its deteriorating competitiveness and public finances. In the decade before the crisis, Greece was able to use this cheap funding to finance a deficit which grew to unsustainable levels. Conditions in the euro area during this period facilitated such lending, despite the build-up of the unsustainable deficit.

This meant that Greece could delay difficult structural reforms that had become necessary and may have been unavoidable if cheap funding had not been available during the s. In , the Greek government revealed that previous governments had been misreporting government budget data. Much higher-than-expected deficits eroded investor confidence, causing the yields on Greek sovereign bonds which correspond to the cost of borrowing money to rise to unsustainable levels.

The situation worsened to the point where the country was no longer able to refinance its borrowing, and it was forced to ask for help from its European partners and the IMF. Skip to main content. Home Financial Assistance Greece. Approval of medium-term debt relief measures for Greece. Staff statement following the first post-programme mission to Greece. Klaus Regling in interview with Capital.

Greece successfully concludes ESM programme. Op-ed by Klaus Regling in Kathimerini Greece. Europa - quo vadis? Klaus Regling at Eurogroup press conference. Approval of 3-year joint financial assistance programme by euro area countries and IMF. Yield on Greek year bonds peaks at New government announces major policy shift, halting previous reform agenda.

Eurogroup leaders agree with Greece on new loan in exchange for reforms. First review of programme completed; Eurogroup agrees on a package of potential debt relief measures. Greece emerges from crisis Three programmes restore growth, confidence Greece put the crisis behind it on 20 August , when it emerged from the largest financial assistance package in history.

Greece's estimated GDP growth in Total amount disbursed to Greece under ESM programme. What challenges does Greece still face? Fiscal and structural primary surplus of 3. What kind of reforms have been implemented in Greece? Since , Greece has carried out a comprehensive range of reforms, which can be grouped into four areas the most important examples are listed: What kind of surveillance will Greece be subject to now the programme is over?

What commitments has Greece entered into? Why was bank recapitalisation part of the Greek ESM programme? How were the funds used by Greece? The chart below provides a breakdown of how the ESM loans were used by Greece: How much did the ESM disburse? Is Greek debt sustainable? Three financial assistance programmes were needed for Greece — why so many? What do the short-term measures consist of?

There are three sets of short-term measures: How does the smoothing of the repayment profile work? What about the second measure, the reduction of interest rate risk? There are three different schemes for the second measure. And the third measure, the waiver of the step-up interest margin? Why did the Eurogroup decide to look into debt relief measures for Greece? Are there any costs for Greek banks from the bond exchange?

Are there any costs for other ESM Member States, and particularly the four former programme countries? Are there any costs to the measures, and who will pay them? What savings will these measures bring to Greece? What are the guiding principles for additional debt relief? Will there be further measures in the future? When was it decided that Greece would receive short-term debt relief? What progress has the Greek economy made since ? European Commission The improvement can also be seen in the falling current account deficit: European Commission In unemployment was at Did private investors contribute to the recapitalisation of Greek banks?

What was the private sector debt restructuring in March ? These EFSF bonds, provided to holders of bonds under Greek law, were subsequently rolled over into longer maturities.

Bond interest accrued interest facility — to enable Greece to repay accrued interest on outstanding Greek sovereign bonds under Greek law which were included in the PSI. Greece offered investors EFSF 6-month bills. The bills were subsequently rolled over into longer maturities. What is the total amount of loans that Greece received over the three programmes? The details are shown below: Why did Greece need a second programme in ?

Further information and related content. Amortisation from to Edit Read in another language Dieter Hallervorden. Cameo What's Up, Chancellor? Mabuse The Thousand Eyes of Dr. Hallervorden plays Jürgen Zebralla, an old divorced pensioner, who attends a university and lives with his wealthy son because of lack of money. Hallervorden was the host of this show about pranks. Also titled Didi's Comedy Show in English. Archived from the original on Dieter Hallervorden" in German.

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